“Psycho” “Mad” and “Crazy” are just a few of the words that are pushed around when talking about mental health issues. Children, adolescents and adults, will often not speak of their difficulties due to the stigma that society has created around mental health. Resulting in many people suffering and battling with their difficulties alone. With increased access to google, ‘WebMd’ and Wikipedia children, adolescents and adults often misdiagnosis themselves or become haunted by the possibility of their symptoms never being alleviated. It is down to professionals to help to destigamise mental health illness.
But, we must also reflect on how far society has come in changing the perceptions of mental health issues. Scientific developments, social understanding and a reduction of discrimination led to de-institutionalization in the 19th century, when asylums like the notorious Bethlehem Hospital a.k.a. “Bedlam”, were transformed. Those who suffered, in what Foucault called, ‘the great incarceration’ of people with mental health issues, would not believe the progress that society has made in such a short amount of time. Lord Shaftesbury in 1851 spoke about how “madness constitutes a right … to treat people as vermin.” The historic abuse, neglect and inhumanity that people with mental health issues were victim to within society emphasises how far we have come.
Yet we still have a long way to go, as can one truly say that in modern society people with mental health difficulties are not still treated differently, and continue to be view as being weaker, less able and feeble individuals. Although much has change in how people with mental health issues are clinically treated, people are still challenged by the stereotypes and prejudice that result from misconceptions about mental illness. As a result of this people with mental illness are robbed of the opportunities that define a quality life: good jobs, safe housing, satisfactory health care and support, and their voice is often left unheard. It is hard to think about how these prejudice are still prominent within our society as it is estimated that 1 in 4 people in England will experience mental health problems in any given year. Corrigan and Watson spoke about how far we have come in developing our understanding of the brain, neurological development, cognitive functioning and ways to treat mental health issues, but research has only recently begun to explore stigma of mental illness.
Much work needs to be done to fully understand the breadth and scope of prejudice against people with mental illness. It is at this point professionals, teachers, families and society as a whole must work to understanding and change the prejudice and discrimination of people with mental health issues. It is important to consider how many children, adolescents and adults within modern society shy away from seeking help with their mental health difficulties due to the on-going stigma.
Steps are starting to be made to reduce prejudice, ensuring that people with mental health difficulties can receive the help and support they need without being shunned within society. Mental health professionals have begun to understand the paramount importance of early intervention in helping children and adolescents with mental health issues, reducing stigmatisation in the next generation. Many schools within the UK now have links with their local Child and Adolescent Health Service (CAMHS) who offer help and interventions for those children and adolescents with mental health difficulties. Moreover, they offer vital psycho-education to teaching staff and other local services to ensure that as key role models within society and educators of the next generation, they to can spread the message of destigmatising mental health difficulties. Celebrities and the Royal Family have begun to show their support for speaking out about mental health difficulties and reduce prejudice within society. Kate Middleton is the patron of the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families, whilst Prince Harry and Prince William have shown their backing for the charity ‘Heads Together’ who aims to eliminate stigma and change the conversation about mental health.
Recently Prince Harry spoke to some of Great Britain’s best athletes to hear about their own mental health difficulties. This work sparks the drive to increase awareness about mental health issues and help support society to promote a positive conversation about mental health. Watch the link below and tell me what you think: